Texas school district threatens to suspend students who protest gun violence during school hours

Students gather on the steps of the old Florida Capitol protesting gun violence in Tallahassee, Florida, on Wednesday. A school district in Texas has threatened to suspect students who participate in similar protest events.

A Texas school district is threatening to suspend students who protest gun violence during school hours as “walkouts” among young activists take place nationwide.

Curtis Rhodes, Superintendent of Needville Independent School District, stated in a letter posted to Facebook and reportedly sent home to students on Tuesday that while the school district “is very sensitive to violence in schools including the recent incident in Florida,” the district “will not allow a student demonstration during school hours for any type of protest or awareness!!”

If students do choose to protest, the school district said they’ll suspend them for three days, and they’ll “face all the consequences that come along with an out of school suspension.”

The district’s letter, which was posted to Needville High School’s Facebook page, was taken down Wednesday.

Student activists have organized a number of marches nationwide following last week’s mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, in which a gunman used an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle to fatally shoot 17 people.

Demonstrators take part in a student protest for gun control legislation in front of the White House, Wednesday, Feb. 21, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Demonstrators take part in a student protest for gun control legislation in front of the White House, Wednesday, Feb. 21, 2018, in Washington.  (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Students across Florida on Wednesday walked out of their schools to show solidarity with the victims, while also pushing for stricter gun control laws.

Organizers behind the Women’s March, an anti-Trump and female empowerment protest, called for a 17-minute, nationwide walkout by teachers and students at 10 a.m. on March 14.

Millbrook High School students demonstrate against gun violence outside their school in Frederick County, Va., Wednesday, Feb. 21, 2018, following a school shooting in which over a dozen people were killed at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., one week ago. (Jeff Taylor/The Winchester Star via AP)

Millbrook High School students demonstrate against gun violence outside their school in Frederick County, Virginia, on Wednesday.  (Jeff Taylor/The Winchester Star via AP)

“Students and staff have the right to teach and learn in an environment free from the worry of being gunned down in their classrooms or on their way home from school,” the group argued.

March For Our Lives, a group formed by survivors of last week’s shooting, has also organized a march on Washington, D.C. on March 24 to “demand that a comprehensive and effective bill be immediately brought before Congress to address these gun issues.”

The Network for Public Education, an advocacy organization for public schools, announced a day of walkouts, sit-ins and other events on school campuses on April 20 — the anniversary of the 1999 shooting at Columbine High School in Colorado that left 12 students and one teacher dead.

The Needville school district said anyone who participates in the “movement” will be disciplined, “no matter if it is one, fifty, or five hundred students involved.”

The superintendent said students should “respect” themselves and other students, and should “please understand that we are here for an education and not a political protest.”

Florida student brought knife to school, had list of student names, cops say

Benjamin Mendoza, 18, was arrested Monday after law enforcement said he brought a knife to school alongside a list of classmates’ names.

A Florida high school student was arrested Monday after law enforcement said he brought a knife to school alongside a list of student names.

Benjamin Mendoza, 18, was taken into custody after the Collier County Sheriff’s Office discovered questionable items in his backpack at Palmetto Ridge High School, the department said in a news release.

Mendoza was found to have a “realistic looking” fake Los Angeles Police Department badge in his backpack. Police said he was also in possession of a list of student names, accompanied by “a drawing of a student with bullet holes to the chest” with the words “dead ha ha dead” written on it.

The man also had a note that said “shoot up school” and “shoot shoot animae dead,” a map of Palmetto Ridge High School, and a notebook with “stories and drawings depicting students as victims and suspects in murders and other crimes,” according to the sheriff’s office.

Deputies said they received a tip on Friday about Mendoza’s behavior. The person claimed Mendoza had brought a gas mask to school on Thursday, and had made comments in the past about the mass shooting in Las Vegas in October.

Witnesses told detectives about the gas mask, and said they also saw a knife in Mendoza’s bag.

Mendoza was charged with possession of a weapon on school grounds and disruption of a school function, and was booked at the Collier County Jail, according to the Palm Beach Post.

Another Palmetto Ridge High School student on Tuesday was taken into custody after “making disturbing statements on the school bus.” An investigation from law enforcement found there was nothing dangerous at the student’s home.

The arrest comes as schools nationwide have strengthened security amid reports of threats from students.

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Deputies said they received a tip on Friday about Mendoza’s behavior. The person claimed Mendoza had brought a gas mask to school on Thursday, and had made comments in the past about the mass shooting in Las Vegas in October.

Witnesses told detectives about the gas mask, and said they also saw a knife in Mendoza’s bag.

Mendoza was charged with possession of a weapon on school grounds and disruption of a school function, and was booked at the Collier County Jail, according to the Palm Beach Post.

Another Palmetto Ridge High School student on Tuesday was taken into custody after “making disturbing statements on the school bus.” An investigation from law enforcement found there was nothing dangerous at the student’s home.

The arrest comes as schools nationwide have strengthened security amid reports of threats from students.

Sleepwalking student causes Pennsylvania school to cancel classes

Officials canceled classes at the Wendover Middle School after a student, who said he was sleepwalking, was discovered inside.

A Pennsylvania middle school canceled classes Wednesday after a sleepwalking student prompted a security scare.

Pennsylvania State Police told KDKA-TV that officers received a report of a break-in around 2:30 a.m. at the Wendover Middle School in Greensburg, located east of Pittsburgh.

“It appears he went through a screen in the window and got himself in the school. He was in the school about 15 minutes,” Pennsylvania State Trooper Stephan told KDKA. “He believes he was sleepwalking and went to the school.”

State police said the student lived about four miles from the school.

The Hempfield Area School District said in a statement on its website it canceled classes Wednesday as a precautionary measure, and police swept the building for any potential issues. There were “no signs of vandalism or theft” as a result of the incident.

The district said the sleepwalking student incident is not connected to another student’s arrest earlier this week for allegedly threatening to shoot a female student.

“A couple days prior, we did have a male student verbally threaten a female student, saying he was going to shoot her,” Limani told KDKA.

The student accused of making the threat has been arrested and is being held in the Westmoreland County Juvenile Detention Center, authorities said.

“In light of the recent events, an added police presence will be at Wendover Middle School tomorrow and counselors will be available to talk with students regarding school violence and safety, as needed,” the school district posted on its website. “Additionally, the PA State Police have indicated that they are striving to have an added presence at all district schools.”

2 injured after report of shooting at Louisiana college

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Southeastern Louisiana University says two people were injured after gunshots were fired on campus.

School spokeswoman Erin Cowser says the incident happened at 3 a.m. Friday near an assembly hall where basketball games and other sports events are held.

Cowser says it appears that students were involved, but it is unclear whether the two people injured were students. They were taken to a local hospital with injuries that were not considered life-threatening.

Cowser says no suspects are in custody but that police have determined there was no “present threat” on campus.

The school is located in Hammond, about 56 miles northwest of New Orleans.

Florida school shooting survivors dread Parkland campus return

The fire alarm, gunshots and piercing cries still ring loudly in Jake Glacer’s mind.

“There’s so much I still hear, I still see,” the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School junior told Fox News. “Four people in my class were shot. I couldn’t imagine going back into the building.”

A week after the Valentine’s Day massacre at the Parkland, Florida high school, students, administrators and lawmakers are now focusing on something more concrete: The future of Building 12, the three-story structure where 17 people were gunned down.

“I have four classes in that building, and I know that if I were to go back in there, all I would be able to think about is what we all heard and what we all saw,” student Kaelan Small told Fox News.

Some families are considering moving because it would be too “traumatizing” to step foot on campus again.

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Passersby pray outside of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School just days after the Valentine’s Day massacre.  (Fox News)

“It’s just something that makes you grow up really quickly, you know?” junior Josh Charo said.

The plan for now is to demolish the building, which has housed mainly the freshman class since it was built almost three decades ago.

“We’re working and have been working since we toured the site to tear down the building and put a memorial there,” said Florida State Sen. Lauren Book, D-Plantation.

Book described the building as a “war zone,” with blood smeared on walls and floors. She said keeping the infrastructure and just renovating the building is not an option.

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Two staff members and 15 students were killed in a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.  (Fox News)

“We are tearing that building down,” she said.

The school shooting in Newtown, Conn. sparked similar concerns over the future of the building. More than five years later, a memorial is still in its design phase. It took three-and-a-half years to build a new, $45 million elementary school in Newtown, according to former First Selectman Patricia Llodra. She spearheaded the process to decide the future of Sandy Hook Elementary School, holding a series of meetings for the community and elected officials.

Llodra urges Florida lawmakers and the school district not to rush the decision-making process. Instead, she said, they should take the time to involve the people of Parkland.

“It’s one of the most critical decisions the community has to make,” Llodra said. “It’s the first step in the recovery process.”

“The last thing I would have to say is tell the loved ones that are around you that you love them.”

– Josh Gallagher, student at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School

Aztec High School in New Mexico took a different approach after its December shooting. Instead of demolishing the entire school, officials agreed on gutting two classrooms and transforming them into a lounge/memorial.

But the shooting there was on a much smaller scale – two people died, as well as the gunman.

Superintendent Kirk Carpenter said the decision made efficient use of the district’s time, space and money.

“To get a project like this done in a month’s time was absolutely amazing,” Carpenter told Fox News. “No one’s going to change what we do at that high school, and that’s to make sure learning takes place.”

Book admits demolishing Building 12, erecting a new building and implementing a memorial park on campus is a daunting task, especially with Florida’s legislative session nearing its end. Estimates for the proposal come in around $25 to 30 million, which would come from state appropriations.

Not to mention the freshman building on Marjory Stoneman Douglas’ campus holds about 900 students, a quarter of the school’s population.

Map of MSD

Lawmakers are pushing to demolish Building 12 and implement a memorial park in its place.  (Fox News)

The school, named after a women’s suffrage advocate, opened in 1990. It’s about two hours north of Miami.

Charo acknowledges it will be hard for the school to adjust without the building, saying it “doesn’t seem logical for them to tear it down.”

“I think going back to school is going to be helpful,” Glacer said. “We have to get used to the new normal.”

But, even considering this, Charo and Glacer can’t fathom returning to the place that carries memories of their worst day.

Lawmakers and school officials understand that.

The district is considering splitting up the school day into sessions to avoid using Building 12.

Students are expected to return to school on Feb. 27.

In the meantime, survivors said they are embracing each and every moment with their loved ones.

“The last thing I would have to say is tell the loved ones that are around you that you love them,” said junior Josh Gallagher. “Because you never know when it’s going to be cut short or life is going to be taken away.”

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Before the masters for the promotion of Internet sites, there are many problems, for example, “contextual advertising or seo

Перед мастерами по продвижению интернет-сайтов непрерывно стоит немало проблем, как например, “контекстная реклама или seo”

Ключевые фразы — это центральная опция рекламной кампании, как раз они будут вызывать демонстрацию рекламных объявлений посетителю. Чем наиболее верные ключи вы используете, тем более целевая аудитория будет заходить на ваш онлайн-проект. Ключевые слова должны с максимальной точностью описывать ваш бизнес, оказываемую работу или товар. Конечно же понятно, что первостепенным шагом в наладке рекламной кампании становится перечень ключевых фраз, какие вы будете применять в вашей рекламной кампании.

В данный момент функционирует множество инструментов online-маркетинга, при помощи которых можно раскручивать сайты организаций и сайты частных лиц. Заняться раскруткой сегодня можно собственными силами или приобрести данную услугу в специальном сервисе.

Всевозможные программы и online-сервисы значительно помогают в оценке действенности раскрутки интернет-ресурса и облегчат жизнь любому грамотному специалисту по интернет-рекламе, но никогда не сумеют заменить его, так как они выдают всего-навсего показатели, которые дальше следует подвергнуть анализу, обработать и принять правильное заключение. Эффективность контекстной рекламной компании, продвижения в поиске и прочих методов online-маркетинга полностью зависит от навыка, знаний специалиста.

На продуктивность продвижения web-ресурса большое влияние обнаруживает его внутренняя оптимизация. Для оценки отдачи продвижения web-ресурса нужно хотя бы поверхностно понимать, как интернет-трафик расценивается и что значит online-трафик, что такое оптимизация интернет-проекта и как оценить позиции в ПС.

При рассмотрении своих конкурентов  просчитать число бэк линков на их сайты. Подыскать online-ресурсы конкурентов и оценить ступень их раскрученности, сможете, используя специальные сервисы или введя тематические запросы в строку поиска.

Что представляет из себя оценка результативности сайта? На что теперь опираться при расчёте параметров отдачи онлайн-маркетинга? Каким способом оценить результат, приносимый вашим web-ресурсом? Если вас волнует такой вопрос как, к примеру, “контекстная реклама или seo“, абсолютно все советы имеются на нашем ресурсе.

Для мелкого бизнеса и молодых кампаний, значительные затраты — это довольно основательная задача на старте. Большая часть на старте опробывает сравнительно небольшие фонды, и когда сталкиваются с настоящей конкуренцией в AdWords вероятности на эффективность быстро падают.

При составлении ключевых выражений необходимо верно выбирать тип соответствия. Рекомендуем использовать модификатор обширного соотношения или фразовое соответствие. Для выдачи конкретно по отмеченным вами словам примените точное соответствие, но помните, что так можно прозевать часть нужного трафика и слишком резко ограничить охват. С использованием обширного соотношения в большей степени возможно снятие не очень подходящего интернет-трафика.

Сегодняшние методы поисковых систем учитывают характеристики трафика. Количество заходов на онлайн-проект через рекламные объявления – значимый показатель, воздействующий на подсчет результативности онлайн рекламы.

Весьма важно иметь представление о том, на что базироваться при оценке показателей действенности интернет-ресурса, для того, чтобы знать, что нужно требовать от специалистов и за что вы платите. Оценка эффективности сайта – это оценка итогов рекламных мероприятий, кампаний по СЕО-раскрутке, разбор привлекательности интернет-ресурса для клиентов, рассмотрение поведенческих факторов и т.д.

Задача каждого объявления – склонить клиента осмотреть ваш сервис и выполнить необходимое вам действие: процедура регистрации, покупка, поручение и т.д. Чтобы покупатель обратил внимание на ваше объявление, его требуется выполнить как можно наиболее видным:

  • применять слова ключевого слова или выражения в тексте или заголовке рекламного объявления. Таким образом можно увеличить релевантность рекламного объявления, повысить показатель качества и, кроме того, ключевой запрос на поиске выделяется жирным шрифтом
  • применяйте призыв к акции в рекламном объявлении, к примеру, “Сделайте звонок”, “Выберите”, “Закупайте” и т.д, для того, чтобы объяснить клиенту, какой поступок от него требуется
  • напишите в своих объявлениях свои преимущества: бесплатную доставку на дом, скидку в цене

Предлагаем купить кий для русского бильярда в Киеве


Для игры маловато обычного бильярдного стола с сукном и пары киев. Приверженцы игры со стажем понимают, как много приятных и нужных деталей для игры на бильярде необходимо еще купить. Мы охотно обеспечим весь ассортиментный выбор требуемых изделий.

Вы можете приобрести всё для пула, русского бильярда и снукера в наших фирменных торговых центрах: столы, материалы по уходу за сукном и столом, киёвницы и мебель, интерьерные бильярдные приспособления и сувениры, бильярдные шары, кии. Цены вас весьма поразят.

Для избегания быстрого изнашивания сукна желательно систематически чистить его специально предназначенной бильярдной щеткой или при помощи пылесоса, а дополнительно покрывать бильярдный стол специальным покрывалом или чехлом. Вредно курить и мелить кий над столом.

В бильярдную Вы можете заказать барную стойку, постеры, стулья, тумбы, стол, часы и остальное. Высококвалифицированные специалисты в наших торговых центрах предоставят обширную картину о любом товаре и посодействуют выгодно определиться с выбором.

В нашем интернет магазине Вы отыщите необходимые принадлежности для стола. Игроки найдут абсолютно все для приятной игры: средство ухода за киями, наклейки, мел, кии, перчатка и другие бильярдные атрибуты. Точный подбор бильярдных принадлежностей крайне существенен, в дальнейшем это скажется на качестве игры.

До того, как покупать стол бильярдный, требуется сориентироваться с величиной помещения. Доставку на дом, сборочные работы, занос на этаж любой сложности мы естественно берем на себя. Если у Вас будут какие либо трудности с размерами, то наш администратор приедет и сможет помочь с подбором. К размерам самого стола требуется прибавить длину кия со всех сторон, это минимум, еще неплохо прибавить «замах».

При хранении и эксплуатации необходимо предохранять стол для бильярда от излишней нагрузки плит игрового поля, проникновения воды и активных веществ, поломок, действия источников тепла и прямых солнечных лучей.

Вести игру личным кием значительно привычнее и проще. Как начинающие, так и профессионалы игры выбирают индивидуальные кии. В онлайн-магазине имеются кии для пула, для русской пирамиды и снукера.

При получении изделия Вы сможете внести оплату рассыльному, подвезшему выбранный товар, а точно также в процессе получении товара, отправленного почтовым отправлением, в филиале курьерской службы. В доказательство платы вы получите товарный чек.

Вам интересен вопрос где купить кий для русского бильярда в Киеве? Онлайн-магазин игры в бильярд «БИЛЬЯРД КЛАССИК» представляет для вас всю гамму бильярдного оборудования и принадлежностей для ведения игры на бильярде ведущих компаний всемирного масштаба и торговых брендов, а в частности: бильярдные светильники, бильярдное сукно, бильярдные принадлежности, бильярдные чехлы для кия, бильярдные столы, бильярдные кии, бильярдные сувениры, бильярдные шары, бильярдную мебель.

Наша специализированная компания предлагает весь спектр работ по установке, реставрации, ремонту столов для игры в бильярд. Бильярдный стол почти всегда требует ремонтных работ – перетяжка или смена сукна, реставрирование борта или смена луз.

Обстановка как правило закупается в тон и стиль бильярдного стола. Бильярдный стул выше стандартного, чтобы усевшись на нем можно было следить за игрой соперника. Подлокотники сидений обычно оборудованы держателями для киев и фужеров. В случае, если расцветки меблировки в нашем реестре Вам не подходят либо есть желание чего то особенного, наша фирма может выполнить покраску по Вашему желанию.

Оказываем службы по столам, как местного, так и импортного изготовления. Профессиональные сборщики нашей компании с многолетним профессиональным опытом работы, знатоки своего дела, знающие все нюансы установки, разборки, ремонтных работ всевозможных типов бильярдных столов бережно и быстро соберут или отремонтирую Ваш бильярдный стол различного уровня сложности.

Подобрать кий помогут наши профессиональные менеджеры. Тут для вас найдется и высококлассный вариант, и уникальный кий, и кий ручной работы, и сравнительно недорогой кий для играющего, который сегодня только лишь обучается. Кий – это прекрасный подарок на день рождения либо попросту как презент. Кий можно заказать и используя форму онлайн-заявки и внести плату удобным вам путем. Расценки в нашем каталоге рассчитаны на любого покупателя. К выбору кия нужно относиться основательно, так как это главный инструмент игрока.

Знайте, что подавляющее большинство неисправностей бывает вследствие не соблюдения параметров применения и неаккуратного обращения. Просьба, прочитайте и соблюдайте эти условия по хранению и использованию бильярдного стола. Все оснащение для бильярда, предлагаемое нашей фирмой, весьма надежно и рассчитано на долголетнюю службу.

An Earth Friendly Approach to Pest Control

Earth friendly pest control is good for health and environment. It provides a safe and less-toxic control for pests and bugs. An earth friendly approach to pest control ensures you of a pest free home while staying in-sync with nature and environment by avoiding toxic elements. Using non-chemical substance is the approach in an earth friendly pest control.

Some experts regarding earth friendly pest control consider the following methods in controlling pests in your home without using hazardous chemicals. They suggest that you worked with a professional in eliminating the pests using earth friendly approach.

    • Inspection. This is the most important step to keep your goal on track. It should be done the right way and with conscientiousness. In this stage, your home will be assessed based on its infestation and damage. The pest expert will identify the pests in your home and will take note of crevices, cracks and other entry points. He will also find out possible food supplies, existence of water sources, and try to find signs of pest activities. After this, he will make a prevention plan to significantly minimize your home’s vulnerability for further infestation.

    • Removing of food and shelter. In an earth friendly approach, pests are eliminated by building a surrounding that is inappropriate for them. This method includes removing food, shelter and water sources, yard and lawn debris, compost sites, pet foods, trash, and many others.

    • Exclusion. In the course of inspection stage, the pest expert will recognize particular sites that are susceptible to pest infestation. He will then develop a plan to control and eliminate the problem without using avoidable chemicals and other hazardous substance. He will make a cautious effort of removing and sealing entry points into your house and keeping them sealed. The expert will also educate you of important details like how to not attract pests and how to prevent them from entering your home. He may pinpoint causes such as areas with high moist and piles of debris and branches. These things in your home and yard are highly attractive for termites, bugs and pests.

    • Sensible use of pesticides. After assessing the condition of your home, developing a customized plan and creating pest free program, you may still have to eliminate the existing pests that have already entered you home. Pest control using earth friendly approach still uses pesticides but with limit and control. You will only use pesticides that are needed to solve the problem. It will be used only in areas affected and with limited amount required. In addition, products with low toxicity level will be chosen to avoid harm and danger to people, animals, and the environment.

  • Monitoring. This is the last part where continuous monitoring is done to make sure that your property will maintain pest-free surroundings. This helps in discouraging pests and recognizing their presence before they could do harm again and infest your home all over again.

Your world is your family, your life, your health and your home. It is your responsibility to keep your world secure and sound as possible. Keeping your home free from pests and harsh elements is one way of doing that. Insects are as important as any other animals in the world, it becomes a pest when it begins to plague your home and do harm in your own world. When this happens, it is best to take immediate action.

In the past, pest control management simply means applying pesticides to get rid of pests. After many years, pest control has developed to a more advance method. Pesticide manufacturers and pest experts have improved methods and products in eliminating pests providing a low impact on people and non-target species and the environment. They are continuously inventing new level of pest control based on people and environment’s safety and security.

It is your world and life that is important before everything else. In giving you your needs in your world, your family and life can be greatly affected as well. A safe life, home and environment is the best thing that you can give yourself and your family as well as your kids and their children in the future. If you don’t act now, your world will be destroyed greatly in the future.

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What Soft Drinks Do to Your Body

Pop, pop, cola, – whatever you need to call it, is one of the most exceedingly bad refreshments that you could be drinking, regardless of whether eating regimen or consistent. I needed to share how sodas influence your body so you that you can settle on an informed and educated choice whenever you go down the drink walkway at the market.

Above all else, soda pops are void calories. Indeed, there are such things as great carbs and terrible carbs, and sodas are stacked with awful carbs, which are basically void calories. Regardless of whether you are drinking “slim down” soft drinks and supposing you are dispensing with calories, you are as yet assimilating conceivably risky simulated sweeteners like aspartame. Eating regimen or without sugar soft drinks are NOT a superior or more secure decision. Notwithstanding, one late examination found that drinking at least one soda pops a day – and it didn’t make a difference whether it was eating regimen or standard – prompted a 30% more noteworthy possibility of weight pick up around the paunch. You should remove soda pops on the off chance that you intend to lose any kind of weight.

Soda pops can likewise destroy your teeth. One container of pop contains more than your prescribed every day recompense of sugar. One can! Include that up finished a couple of years and you can perceive any reason why such a significant number of individuals create dental issues sometime down the road. Between weight pick up and spoiling teeth, also all the fake fixings, soft drinks are second just to liquor regarding what you need to keep away from when you drink.

Fortunately, options exist. Organic product juices do contain sugar, however characteristic sugar found in natural products trumps the manufactured, handled sugar in pop. Tea is a phenomenal option also and is significantly less demanding on your midsection line than pop. My own drink of decision is water with new lime. Americans have been devouring pop for a really long time without understanding the medical issues related with it, so whenever you are in the grocery store, investigate solid contrasting options to sugary soft drinks for you and your family.

Check out keto drink reviews

Deep fat fryers may help form cooling clouds

Fatty acids released into the air from cooking may contribute to the formation of clouds that cool the climate, say scientists.

Fatty acid molecules comprise about 10% of fine particulates over London, and such particles help seed clouds.

But researchers dismiss the idea that cooking fats could be used as a geo-engineering tool to reduce warming.

Instead, the research is designed to help reduce uncertainties about the role of cooking fats on climate.

Researchers believe the fatty molecules arrange themselves into complex 3-D structures in atmospheric droplets.

These aerosols persist for longer than normal and can seed the formation of clouds which experts say can have a cooling effect on the climate.

The authors say the study will shed new light on the long term role of aerosols on temperatures.

Atmospheric aerosols are one of the areas of climate science where there are considerable uncertainties.

Image caption Molecules from deep fat frying may have a cooling effect on the climate

The description covers tiny particles that can be either solid or liquid, ranging from the dusts of the Saharan desert to soot to aerosols formed by chemical reaction.

These can have a variety of impacts, while most aerosols reflect sunlight back into space others absorb it

Aerosols and the clouds seeded by them, are said to reflect about a quarter of the Sun’s energy back into space.

Researchers have known for some time that the emissions of fatty acid molecules from chip pans and cookers may coat aerosol particles in the atmosphere – but this is the first time that scientists have looked at their role inside the droplets.

Using ultrasonic levitation to hold individual droplets of brine and oleic acid in position, the research team was able to make them float so they could analyse them with a laser beam and X-rays.

The X-rays proved crucial in revealing the inner structure.

“We found these drops could form these self-assembled phases which means these molecules can stay much longer in the atmosphere,” said lead author Dr Christian Pfrang, from the University of Reading.

“These self-assembled structures are highly viscous so instead of having a water droplet you have something that behaves much more like honey, so processes inside the droplet will slow down,” he told BBC News.

“They are resistant to oxidation so they stay around longer, so cloud formation will be easier.”

Scientists believe that the number of fatty acid molecules in the air is relatively high, comprising about 10% of the fine particulate matter over London, according to research published last year.

This could be having an impact on the number of clouds and the amount of heat they reflect back into space.

“If you want to establish emissions control measures for McDonalds for example, you could assume that instead of two hours the molecules can last more than one day,” said Dr Pfrang.

“Then this air parcel that comes from McDonalds will travel 10 times further, this is important for local air pollution but also to determine the effect of clouds which is the largest uncertainty.”

Happening above our heads

“We know that the complex structures we saw are formed by similar fatty acid molecules like soap in water,” said co-lead author, Dr Adam Squires, from the University of Bath,

“There, they dramatically affect whether the mixture is cloudy or transparent, solid or liquid, and how much it absorbs moisture from the atmosphere in a lab.

“The idea that this may also be happening in the air above our heads is exciting, and raises challenges in understanding what these cooking fats are really doing to the world around us.”

The researchers say that current large-scale atmospheric models do not account for the role of 3-D structures in aerosols at all, according to the research team.

But they are dismissive of the idea that cooking fats could somehow be used as a form of geo-engineering to limit the impacts of global warming.

Much more important they say, is to collect molecules from the atmosphere and bring them back for further study.

“If it does have an impact, it is likely to be a cooling one,” said Dr Pfrang.

“And the extent urgently needs further research.”